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Skin

SKIN PATHOLOGIES

Podiatrists can treat a variety of skin disorders. These include:

1. Callous
2. Corns
3. Warts
4. Tinea Pedis (athletes foot)

Callous

Clinically known as hyperkeratosis, these areas are a build up of layers of the epidermis (skin) with a thick, hard appearance that may sometimes crack or fissure if dry. Callous are caused from increased pressure and friction at a certain area. Treatment involves debridement of the hard skin which is painless, and ongoing management which may include the use of orthoses to reduce or redistribute pressure and cushion the foot.

Corns

There are many different kinds of corns that can present on the foot. They are all due to increased pressure, however it is usually more intense and local. A corn is a hard piece of skin that is diamond shaped with the sharp end pointing downwards. It penetrates deeper and can touch the nerve endings which is why it is usually remarkably more painful than callous. Treatment is to remove the corn with sharp debridement with a scalpel and then to use padding or pressure relieving devices, orthoses and a change in footwear to prevent a reoccurance of this problem.

Warts

Papillomas or Verrucaes as they are medically known, are caused by a virus and that is not recognised by the human body. They have a raised cauliflower like appearance with numerous black dots in the middle of the lesion. Warts can be painful on compression and may bleed if rubbed or knocked, as they have their own nerve and blood supply. There are a wide variety of treatments for warts including cryotherapy (freezing with liquid nitrogen), use of salicylic acid (which is painless), surgical removal under local anaesthetic and a variety of other remedies. It is best to be assessed by our podiatry team to discuss the appropriate course of treatment for you.

Tinea Pedis

Is a fungal infection on the skin of the foot; most commonly on the arch or between the toes. It is usually transmitted in moist, dark areas such as public changing rooms or swimming pools.  it is generally thought that occlusive footwear and hoisery create an ideal growing environment for the tinea to proliferate. It is generally caused by three common fungi including trichophyton rumbrum and epidermophyton floccosum and candida. it is common throuhout all populations and ages throughout the world. It presents as small red dots on the foot or a red rash that is often irritating and itchy. Various topical anti fungal and home management techniques are indicated to control the tinea. Podiatrists at Karak & Wilson Podiatry Group have expertise in the treatment and management of these infections of the feet and sell a range of products to combat this infection.

For more information about these or any foot, ankle or lower limb disorders see a podiatrist at Karak and Wilson Podiatry Group

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